Collection RBSC-ARC-1731 - Darwin-Burdon Sanderson letters

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Darwin-Burdon Sanderson letters

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description

Collection

Reference code

RBSC-ARC-1731

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1873-1881 (Creation)
    Creator
    Burdon Sanderson, John, Sir
  • 1873-1881 (Creation)
    Creator
    Darwin, Charles, Robert, Sir

Physical description area

Physical description

7 cm of textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator

(1828-1905)

Biographical history

Sir John Scott Burdon-Sanderson born on December 21, 1828. He received his medical education at the University of Edinburgh and at the University of Paris. He became a Medical Officer of Health for Paddington in 1856 and subsequently a physician to the Middlesex Hospital and the Brompton Consumption hospitals. Between 1858-1866, he investigated diphtheria, cattle plague and cholera when they appeared in England. He was one of the forerunners of penicillin, observing its ability to inhibit the growth of bacteria before Alexander Fleming.

He was the first person chosen to be the Waynflete Chair of Physiology in Oxford in 1882. It was at this time that he became the focus of the antivivisectionist movement, who opposed his stance on animal experimentation. In 1895, he became Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford, a post he held until his resignation in 1904. In 1899, he became the first Baronet of Banbury Road in the Parish of Saint Giles in in the City of Oxford. He died in Oxford on November 23rd, 1905.

Name of creator

(1809-1882)

Biographical history

Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his book <em>On the Origin of the Species</em>. He is the father of evolutionary theory and natural selection.

Custodial history

Purchased from H.M. Sinclair as part of the Sinclair Collection in 1966 by the Woodward Library. Dr. Sinclair was a lecturer in physiology and biochemistry at Magdalen College in Oxford. The Woodward Library acquired the collection in 1966. During that time, these letters were separated from the Sinclair Collection and became a separate collection. The letters were transferred to Rare Books and Special Collections in 2013.

Scope and content

This group of about 40 letters, a part of the Sinclair Collection, consists of correspondence between Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) and John Scott Burdon Sanderson (1828-1905) during the years from 1873-1881.
The letters deal with the research Darwin and Burdon Sanderson did on the digestive powers and leaf movements of insect-eating plants, notably Drosera and Dionaea. Darwin published the results of this research as part of his <em>Insectivorous Plants</em> (1875).
There is also correspondence about Burdon Sanderson's (and to a lesser extent, Darwin’s) attempts to ensure that the antivivisectionists should not secure the passage of a bill through Parliament that should hinder scientific research. Sanderson's efforts influenced the events that led to the appointment of a Royal Commission in 1875 to study the use of animals in scientific research in Britain.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Arrangement

Letters are not in original order. Files are labeled based on the location of where the letter was written. The first half of the letters are written by Darwin to Burdon-Sanderson. The second half of the collection are letters written by Burdon-Sanderson to Darwin. Each letter is separated into individual file, with the final file containing Burdon-Sanderson’s recollections of a visit to Darwin.

Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

Associated materials

This collection was originally a part of the Sinclair Collection, which was subsequently split up during its time at the Woodward Library to form other collections.

Also related to the Sir John Burdon Sanderson Document Collection containing vivisection licenses and letters from his wife, Lady Ghetal (Herschel) Burdon Sanderson.

Related materials

Accruals

General note

Online Access - <a href="http://digitalcollections.library.ubc.ca/cdm/landingpage/collection/darwin">Charles Darwin Letters</a>

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Rules or conventions

Status

Final

Level of detail

Full

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

RAD compliant Finding Aid prepared by: Kristine Protacio, February 2015.

Language of description

Script of description

Sources

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres