Fonds RBSC-ARC-1261 - Hudson's Bay Company fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Hudson's Bay Company fonds

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the fonds.

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Fonds

Reference code

RBSC-ARC-1261

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

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Date(s)

  • 1786-1915 (Creation)
    Creator
    Hudson's Bay Company

Physical description area

Physical description

16 cm of textual records

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Administrative history

The Hudson's Bay company was incorporated by royal charter in 1670 for the trade in furs in North America and was given a grant of land, called Rupert's Land (for Prince Rupert, first governor of the Company). The first fort established was Fort Charles (Rupert's House) built in 1668. Gradually, the company built posts further inland for trading with the Indians. The H.B.C. attempted to keep the west as a fur preserve, but with the spread of settlement the Company slowly lost its monopoly and the source of furs began to decline. The Company built colonies on the West Coast beginning with Vancouver Island (1849) which it eventually turned over to the Crown, along with the B.C. mainland in 1867.

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Scope and content

The fonds consists of photocopies of Hudson's Bay currency notes (1846,1870); Fort Simpson inward letter book (1834-1844); typescript of agreement between H.B.C. and Ohia (1854); Spirit River Post day book (1908-1909); plus fragments of inventory and day book (1907, 1898-1899); letters and documents (1840-1842, 1851-1894); a photocopy of journal of McLeod's Lake (B.C.) post (1845-1848); as well as a photocopy of "Diary of Occurrence at York Factory in Hudson's Bay, North America by Joseph Colen, Resident Chief (1786-1787)"; letters and documents from W.H. Dickson, manager of the Fraser Lake and Stewart Lake posts in B.C. (1915).

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