Title and statement of responsibility area
General material designation
- Multiple media
Other title information
Title statements of responsibility
- Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the collection and on the information supplied by the donor/creator.
Level of description
Edition statement of responsibility
Class of material specific details area
Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
Statement of coordinates (cartographic)
Statement of scale (architectural)
Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
Physical description area
Publisher's series area
Title proper of publisher's series
Parallel titles of publisher's series
Other title information of publisher's series
Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series
Numbering within publisher's series
Note on publisher's series
Archival description area
Scope and content
S.M. Simpson founded what would later become S.M.S. Ltd. in 1913. The company was incorporated as S.M. Simpson Ltd. on 24 January, 1924 under certificate no. 7233 of the British Columbia Companies Act. S.M. Simpson, having gotten a start making sag free screen doors, later diversified the company's interests to concentrate on manufacturing wooden boxes to accommodate the fruit based economy of the Okanagan valley. Throughout the 1920s to 40s, S.M.S. Ltd. purchased various sawmills, including Trautman Garraway in Peachland, Kelowna Sawmill Company, Peachland Sawmill & Box, McLean Sawmills, Eagle Pass Lumber, R&L Lumber, and Lumby Timber. At its height, operations included logging and forestry initiatives including FML #9 near Bear Creek, a veneer factory, a box factory, a plywood plant, a Kelowna Sawmills retail outlet.
S.M.S. Ltd. weathered serious mill fires in 1937 and 1939 and experienced struggles with the labour union International Woodworkers of America (IWA) in the 1940s which resulted in several protracted strikes.
H.B. Simpson assumed control of the company in 1955. In 1965, H.B. Simpson sold S.M.S. Ltd and its several associates and subsidiaries to the Canadian instance of Crown Zellerbach Corporation: Crown Zellerbach Canada. It continued operating as the S.M. Simpson Division of Crown Zellerbach Canada for several years until the name was changed to simply Crown Zellerbach Canada. In 1969, Crown Zellerbach purchase several more sawmills in the region, including Armstrong Sawmills operations in Armstrong, Enderby, Vernon and Falkland, as well as Pondosa Pine Lumber Co. in 1970.
In 1981, Crown Zellerbach Canada was purchased by New Zealand's Fletcher Challenge and the company's name, including that of the operations formerly known as S.M. Simpson Ltd., was changed to Crown Forest Industries. In 1987 Fletcher Challenge merged with British Columbia Forest Fletcher Challenge Canada Ltd. was subsequently purchased by Riverside Forest Products in 1992. In 2004 Riverside Forest Products was purchased by Tolko Industries Ltd., under which name it operates to the time of the preparation of this finding aid in 2015.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The sous fonds includes records generated by Stanley Merriam Simpson both in advance of and after the founding proper of S.M. Simpston Ltd., and additionally documents a suite of succeeding corporations that assumed the business operations and assets established by S.M. Simpson.
The sous fonds is comprised of a photographic record that documents the wood processing entity established by S.M. Simpson across iterations of corporate ownership, as well as business records relating to substantial operations, labour relations, safety programs, legal proceedings, and administration.
Immediate source of acquisition
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
Availability of other formats
Restrictions on access
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Standard number area
Subject access points
Place access points
Genre access points
Description record identifier
Rules or conventions
Level of detail
Dates of creation, revision and deletion
Revised May 6, 2016 by Lara Maestro
Language of description
Script of description
Simpson, S.J. (2003) Boards, Boxes and Bins. Kelowna, BC: Manhattan Beach Publishing.