Subfonds - S.M. Simpson Ltd. and Successors sous fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

S.M. Simpson Ltd. and Successors sous fonds

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  • Multiple media

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the collection and on the information supplied by the donor/creator.

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1906-1999 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

8.1 m of textual and other material including 27 artifacts

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Archival description area

Custodial history

Scope and content


S.M. Simpson founded what would later become S.M.S. Ltd. in 1913. The company was incorporated as S.M. Simpson Ltd. on 24 January, 1924 under certificate no. 7233 of the British Columbia Companies Act. S.M. Simpson, having gotten a start making sag free screen doors, later diversified the company's interests to concentrate on manufacturing wooden boxes to accommodate the fruit based economy of the Okanagan valley. Throughout the 1920s to 40s, S.M.S. Ltd. purchased various sawmills, including Trautman Garraway in Peachland, Kelowna Sawmill Company, Peachland Sawmill & Box, McLean Sawmills, Eagle Pass Lumber, R&L Lumber, and Lumby Timber. At its height, operations included logging and forestry initiatives including FML #9 near Bear Creek, a veneer factory, a box factory, a plywood plant, a Kelowna Sawmills retail outlet.

S.M.S. Ltd. weathered serious mill fires in 1937 and 1939 and experienced struggles with the labour union International Woodworkers of America (IWA) in the 1940s which resulted in several protracted strikes.

H.B. Simpson assumed control of the company in 1955. In 1965, H.B. Simpson sold S.M.S. Ltd and its several associates and subsidiaries to the Canadian instance of Crown Zellerbach Corporation: Crown Zellerbach Canada. It continued operating as the S.M. Simpson Division of Crown Zellerbach Canada for several years until the name was changed to simply Crown Zellerbach Canada. In 1969, Crown Zellerbach purchase several more sawmills in the region, including Armstrong Sawmills operations in Armstrong, Enderby, Vernon and Falkland, as well as Pondosa Pine Lumber Co. in 1970.

In 1981, Crown Zellerbach Canada was purchased by New Zealand's Fletcher Challenge and the company's name, including that of the operations formerly known as S.M. Simpson Ltd., was changed to Crown Forest Industries. In 1987 Fletcher Challenge merged with British Columbia Forest Fletcher Challenge Canada Ltd. was subsequently purchased by Riverside Forest Products in 1992. In 2004 Riverside Forest Products was purchased by Tolko Industries Ltd., under which name it operates to the time of the preparation of this finding aid in 2015.

The sous fonds includes records generated by Stanley Merriam Simpson both in advance of and after the founding proper of S.M. Simpston Ltd., and additionally documents a suite of succeeding corporations that assumed the business operations and assets established by S.M. Simpson.

The sous fonds is comprised of a photographic record that documents the wood processing entity established by S.M. Simpson across iterations of corporate ownership, as well as business records relating to substantial operations, labour relations, safety programs, legal proceedings, and administration.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Sharron J. Simpson


Physical arrangement has been largely imposed on these records; there was no discernable order in received array, and the archivist’s perception of original order based on provenance and functional sovereignty has been applied to the materials.

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Physical description

Includes: 1.8 m of textual record, ca. 2260 photographs, 2 published books, 1 map, 1 illustration, 27 artifacts.

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Rules for Archival Description (CCA)



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Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created July 29, 2015 by Paige Hohmann
Revised May 6, 2016 by Lara Maestro

Language of description

Script of description


Cutting, K. and Merriam, R.D. (2015). Merriam Family Tree. Retrieved 2015/07/29
Simpson, S.J. (2003) Boards, Boxes and Bins. Kelowna, BC: Manhattan Beach Publishing.

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