Collection RBSC-ARC-1812 - Tiananmen Square photograph collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Tiananmen Square photograph collection

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Level of description

Collection

Reference code

RBSC-ARC-1812

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1989 (Creation)
    Creator
    [Anonymous Student Protestor]

Physical description area

Physical description

112 photographs, col. ; and other materials.

Publisher's series area

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1989)

Biographical history

This donor was a citizen of China and a student who participated in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. The donor wishes to remain anonymous.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The Tiananmen Square incident, also called June Fourth incident or 6/4, was a culmination of a series of protests and demonstrations in China in the spring of 1989 that culminated on the night of June 3–4 with a government crackdown on the demonstrators in Tiananmen Square in Beijing. Although the demonstrations and their subsequent repression occurred in cities throughout the country, the events in Beijing—and especially in Tiananmen Square, historically linked to such other protests as the May Fourth Movement (1919)—came to symbolize the entire incident.

Writing on the inside front cover of the photo album reads as follows:
"伟大的一九八九年 历史片断 4/27-5/18"
(Translation: Great 1989, historical pieces: April 27 to May 18)

Labels on the album pages indicate that the first 23 photographs in the album were taken on April 27, 1989, and the following 19 photographs were taken on May 4th, 1989.

Writing on the inside of the back cover reads as follows:
"四月至六月简史
四.十五,胡耀邦逝世,四.十五 - 四.二五,学生及北京市民自发进行悼念活动。四.二二,耀邦追悼会,三名学生在人民大会堂外台阶下跪请愿。四.二六,人民日报社论定学生运动为“动乱”。四.二七,举行了近百万人的示威游行。五.四游行。五.五 - 五.十二,平静。五.十三,北大,人大,清华有数百人于广场绝食。五.十五戈氏访华。五.十七百万人民声援大游行。游行声援持续至十九日白天。17,18,19三天电台作了真实报道。五.二十凌晨0:30分,李鹏宣布对北京部分地区戒严。时隔半个月,发生了六.三惨案,或说是六.三暴乱"。

(Translation: A brief history from April to June
On April 15, 1989, Yaobang Hu passed away. From April 15 to April 25, students and citizens of Beijing spontaneous mourned. On April 22, the memorial service held for Yaobang Hu, three students kneeled in protest outside the Great Hall of the People. On April 26, the People’s Daily editorial described the student effort as “turmoil”. On April 27, near one million people held demonstrations. The demonstrations continues on May 4. From May 5 to May 12, the streets are calm. On May 13th, hundreds of students from Peking University, Renmin University of China and Tsinghua University conducted a hunger strike in Tiananmen Square. On May 15, Gorbachev visited China. On May 17, millions of people took on the streets to hold a solidarity parade. The solidarity continued until May 19th. On May 17 through 19, Media continually made the real reports. At 12:30 am on May 20, Peng Li announced the implementation of martial law in parts of Beijing. After half a month, on June 3 rd , massacre occurred — the 6/3 tragedy.)

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Arrangement

There are 112 photographs in this collection. The first 24 photographs (RBSC-ARC-1812-PH-01 to 24) were originally stored loosely or in envelopes. The last 88 photographs (RBSC-ARC-1812-PH-25-01 to 25-88) were originally stored in a photo album and have been removed due to preservation concerns. The original album has been retained alongside the photographs and photocopies of the album pages have been made so that the original layout of the album can be recreated if necessary.

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Accruals

The collection was received in two accruals. The first accrual consisted of the first 12 photographs in the collection and was received in April 2019. The second accrual consisted of one photo album containing 88 photographs as well as 12 loose photographs in an envelope and was received in August 2019.

General note

Include the following photographs: RBSC-ARC-1812-PH-01 to RBSC-ARC-1812-PH-25-88.

Physical description

112 photographs : col. ; 9 x 12 cm
1 album
10 photocopies

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Finding aid created by Ashlynn Prasad in August 2019.

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