Series - Gitxsan Nation Trial Exhibits

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Gitxsan Nation Trial Exhibits

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  • Multiple media

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the series

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1984 - 1997 (Creation)
    Delgamuukw Trial
    British Columbia
    Delgamuukw Trial Conclusion December 11, 1997

Physical description area

Physical description

Textual records and other materials

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Biographical history

The results of the Delgamuukw v. British Columbia Trial are considered a turning point in treaty negotiations, land use policy, and the recognition of the legal concept of Aboriginal title. The case concluded on December 11, 1997, and the Supreme Court of Canada observed that aboriginal title is an ancestral right protected by the Constitution Act of 1982. The action was brought forward by the 51 appellants, all Hereditary Chiefs either of the Wet’suwet’en Nation or Gitxsan Nation, and who individually or on behalf of their Houses and its members, claimed one or more separate specific portions of the 133 individual hereditary territories in Northwest British Columbia, totalling 58,000 square kilometres.

Custodial history

Scope and content

51 Gitxsan appellants represented all but 12 of the Gitxsan Houses during the Delgamuukw Trial. The Gitxsan territories lay all within the land claim area, in the northern and central Skeena, Nass and Babine Rivers and their tributaries. The original claims were altered and replaced with claims for aboriginal title and self-government, and eventually the individual claims by each House were amalgamated into two collective claims, one on behalf of the Wet’suwet’en Nation and the other for the Gitksan Nation. The Gitxsan Exhibits consist of Plaintiffs' expert witness evidence relating to the Gitxsan people, their territories and traditions. Series includes genealogy information, photographs, oral histories, maps, letters, interviews, and commission evidence.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script note

Some of the oral histories and testimonies are in indigenous languages.

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Some Exhibits are restricted as set out in the court order as “Schedule A”. See Item-level Inventory.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Materials may not be redistributed. Research or Personal use must be indicated. Photocopies for research must be stamped, and any products from the research must be shared with the Gitxsan Nation.

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General note

Some Gitxsan Exhibits are cross-listed as Wet'suwet'en Exhibits.

Physical description

1845 Exhibits. Some Wet'suwet'en Exhibits are cross-listed as Gitxsan Exhibits.


Testimonies or materials submitted by individuals belonging to the Gitxsan Nations are considered the intellectual and cultural property of the Gitxsan people.

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