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Subseries contains original photographs taken or collected by Philip J. Thomas. Thomas' photographs range in subject matter including research materials, folk song singers, and himself. The majority of the subseries are black and white negatives, while there are also colour photographs.
The arrangement of the subseries reflects that of the material at acquisition. Therefore, each file represents a binder, while each division within a file matches the division of photos within the binder.

Inferior Court of Civil Justice

In response to a growing number of petty claims in Victoria in the newly established colony of Vancouver‟s Island, Governor James Douglas established the Inferior Court of Civil Justice (later changed to the Supreme Court of Civil Justice in 1860) in 1857.
This series is composed of one-hundred and sixty-eight case files comprised of three hundred and eighty-three documents pertaining to small claims suits in Victoria between 1858 and 1866.

Richter and Tweddle families collection

Biographical sketch:
The Tweddle and Richter families the Similkameen and South Okanagan have robust ties.

Richter: Francis Xavier Richter (1837-1910) was born in Freidland, Bohemia on November 5, 1837. In 1864 arrived in the Okanagan/Similkameen area to start cattle ranching. He and Lucy Simla (1846-1903, also notated as Lucy simla Acat, also notated as Lucy Sʔímlaʔxʷ), a member of the Okanagan First Nation from Vernon, BC, were married in 1867 or 1868. They had 5 sons: Charles (1869-1949), William (1872-1922), Joseph (1874-1971), Edward (1876-1971), and John “Hans” Richter (1877-1961).

Prior to the death of his first wife, Lucy Simla, F.X. Richter married Florence Elizabeth Loudon (1877 – 1959) in 1894 and subsequently fathered six more children: Betty, Freida, Frances, Helen, Kathleen, Francis X. Richter Jr. F.X. Richter’s oldest son, Charles, married Florence Loudon’s sister, Ada, in 1900 (Sources: OHS Report 14)

Richter has been described as being responsible for starting the fruit industry in the Similkameen Valley and he had a major orchard operation.

Tweddle: Haliburton “Harry” Tweddle (1876-1957) married Florence Elizabeth Richter (née Loudon, F.X. Richter’s second wife and widow) in 1912. They had 4 children: Haliburton T. (Hal), Margaret, Eileen, and Willa. (Source: OHS report 23). Harry Tweddle owned the Central Hotel in Keremeos, B.C., and operated a ranch, livery stable and stage line serving the Similkameen Valley.

Scope and content:
Subseries consists of photographic and textual documentation of the F.X. Richter and Halliburton Tweddle families, as conjoined by Elizabeth Loudon, in the South Okanagan and Similkameen regions. Photographic subject matter treats themes of ranching and orcharding; textual records include copies of correspondence, wills, family trees, etc.

Augustus Pemberton

This series is composed of legal documents concerning court cases involving Chinese and Aboriginal people as both witnesses and defendants. The collection documents early relationships between colonial society and Chinese and Aboriginal individuals within a legal context in British Columbia and provides documentary evidence of those relationships including first-hand narratives from all participants. The documents reveal the way in which the 19th century justice system in British Columbia related to those people of Aboriginal and Chinese descent.

Consists of eighty-two files pertaining to charges against Aboriginal and Chinese individuals and all the supporting court documents. There are 340 documents from 1862 to 1891. Most of this material either passed through or was created in the court systems of the day resulting in sworn testimony giving first hand accounts of events. Some of the documents may have been interpreted into English by court interpreters. Judge Augustus Pemberton (1808-1891) was appointed the magistrate and commissioner of police for Vancouver Island by Governor Douglas in 1858 and served as a county court judge in Victoria from September 23rd, 1867 to January 14th, 1881. Pemberton oversaw all but fourteen of these charges.

Civil Cases

Subseries consists of court documents relating to civil cases in British Columbia between 1864 and 1869. The cases comprise a variety of document types, including: judge’s orders; affidavits; writs of summons; correspondence; bills of costs; jury lists; judgments; notices; statements of account; motions; bonds; speakers’ certificates; indentures; agreements; receipts of sale; complaints; notices of intention; mortgages; and subpoenas. As a whole, they are indicative of the development of civil and criminal law in the region at the time, closely reflecting British standards and precedence. Differences did develop, however, as circumstances required.

It is important to note that the time period represented in these cases includes years before and after the colonies were converged on August 6th, 1866. Before the unification, the Colony of Vancouver Island and the Colony of British Columbia were separate entities in which civil suits at the local level were a vital part of the decentralized colonial government. Initially, the mainland was governed from New Westminster, but once they were merged into the new Colony of British Columbia, governance took place in Victoria on Vancouver Island.

In total, there are 135 files comprised of roughly 500 documents, wherein each file represents a different case. Of those, the donor has confirmed that 92 are from Vancouver Island and 18 are from the mainland.

Savona research collection

Subseries comprises the deliberate collecting activity of Ed Villiers and provides documentation of approximately one century of Savona history, which is today west of Kamloops on the shore of Kamloops Lake where the Thompson River has its egress. Originally, Savona was situated on the north shore of Kamloops Lake and represented the terminus of the stage coach line from Cache Creek on the Cariboo Wagon Road. It was also the site of a lake steamboat harbor which carried goods and passengers toward the Shuswap. As rail service was developed on the south shore of Kamloops lake, the decision was made to relocate the town in the 1880s- the relocation was executed by mechanism of pulling structures across the frozen lake during the winter.

Subseries features in large part copied tear sheets of other historical sources, as well as original manuscripts prepared by Ed Villers for the Savona Community Heritage Committee. Other records include census documents, town directories and other documentation.


Series consists of two reports by Sir Joseph William Trutch, including a "Report on the Lower Fraser Indian Reserves" and a report advocating the construction of roads in the Rocky Mountain passes.

Legal documents

Sub-series consists of legal documents of Sir Joseph William Trutch, including his last will and testament and an indenture pertaining to family financial arrangements in preparation for the marriage of his brother John in 1870.


Sub-series consists of Trutch's daily diaries for the years 1870, 1897, 1902, and 1906 . Diaries include notations pertaining to his appointments and activities, financial transactions, correspondence, and the weather.

Song files

Subseries contains song information collected by Thomas. Material includes song lyrics, music sheets, photographs, and articles about individual songs. Subseries is arranged alphabetically according to song title.

Personal photographs

This grouping of photographs is composed of the personal photographs of Douglas which are not found in albums. Most of the pictures were taken by Douglas ; some by parents or friends . The organization is roughly chronological, with some subject groupings, and follows the original ordering of the pictures. Duplicates have been removed. The photos are still for the most part in the original envelopes in which Douglas kept them ; quotation marks indicate Douglas' notation. Some envelopes contain both prints and negatives. All are black and white prints unless otherwise noted.

Papers and documents concerning the "modus vivendi" sealing claims…

Subseries consists of drafts of letters and documents, notes, and supporting material, as well as final declarations, petitions, and memorials regarding sealing claims. Draft documents include petitions and memorials to various Canadian and British government officials and representatives. The draft letters are addressed to many of the same Canadian government officials, representatives, and others found in the Correspondence series. Supporting material includes incoming correspondence, newspaper clippings, and other related documents. There is no discernible order to the material.

Archibald Murchie collection

Biographical sketch:
Archibald Murchie (1852-1930) immigrated to Victoria, BC as an adult. His brother, Thomas Murchie would go on to found Murchie’s Tea and name his own son Archibald Murchie (1892-1925, and not to be confused with his namesake). Following his calling to become an evangelist minister for the Spiritualist Church (an off-shoot of the Church of England), he set off into the interior of BC to preach as a missionary.

Although Murchie had dabbled in photography prior to coming to Canada, his career began in earnest when he arrived in Williams Lake, BC, in 1893. Wherever his missionary calling took him, Murchie brought along his camera. Marcus Smith, famed CPR engineer and previous associate of Murchie’s by function of their common membership to the Spiritualist Church, hired Murchie to photograph the creation of a bridge over the Fraser River at Sheep Creek. Work on this project was slow enough to afford Murchie to engage in side trips to Quenel, BC, and farther north. Here he made a connection with the Reverend A. H. Cameron who suggested he establish a parish in Princeton. After this failed, Murchie returned to the Cariboo and set up a photography studio in Ashcroft, BC.

In 1911 Murchie moved again to the Okanagan Valley and in 1916 at age 64 he married Amy Wood. His last attributed photograph was taken in 1918.

Scope and content:
Landscapes showing developing infrastructure in the interior of British Columbia in the later 19th and early 20th century, with especially robust coverage of the construction of railroads and bridges, as well as some mining operations. Features group portraits of work crews.

Wilkinson, Kenneth

3 sketchbooks containing pencil drawings by Kenneth Wilkinson depicting his travels and various landscape scenes.

Western Canada Tour Scrapbook

This scrapbook was initially included with the A.M. Pound papers. It was felt that since the scrapbook was about A.M. Stephen (compiled by him, and after his death, by his wife, Irene Stephen) it should be included with the Stephen papers. The scrapbook covers the time from 1928, when Stephen made his much publicized tours of Western Canada, to 1963, when Stephen's last edition of poems (compiled by his wife) was published. The scrapbook includes newspaper articles, book reviews, letters (mainly to Mrs. Stephen), and other assorted memorabilia. (Note written by Robert Gore.)

Guðrun Johnson collection

The subseries consists largely of photographs of the Johnson family and friends, and also includes correspondence, Johnson’s biography, her postcard collection, textile projects as well as her husband Fred’s Certificate of Discharge from the Active Militia of Canada. Notably, the subseries contains a braid of Johnson’s hair.


Sub-series consists of correspondence and related minutes and other documents of the British Columbia Canners' Association, Fraser River Canners' Association and the Rivers Inlet Canners.
Title based on contents of sub-series.

Valentine Carmichael Haynes collection

Biographical sketch:
Valentine Carmichael Haynes (21 December, 1875 – 1963?) was the first of many white settlers to be born in Osoyoos. He worked as a rancher all his life and was highly skilled in this area. Haynes married Elizabeth Runnels (d. 1942), niece of Nespelem George, a First Nations chief with described kinship to the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation. Runnels was an artist (oil) and interpreter. One daughter, Alice, married a Thompson.

Scope and content:
Subseries consists of documentation of Valentine Haynes and his family, as well as the Okanagan Cattle Company, of which Haynes was founder, all in the approximate area of Osoyoos, BC. Photographs depict ranching scenes, landscapes, and family life; textual materials include banking records, biographical sketches, Okanagan Cattle Company records, and genealogical information.

Publishers, Agents & Representatives

This sub-series includes correspondence from book publishers, solicitors, literary agents, and author’s representatives. These groups are both Canadian and American based.

Annual general meeting minutes.

Sub-series contains records relating to the British Columbia Lumber Manufacturers Association’s Annual General Meetings. Material consists of meeting minutes which include the history of the association, list of committees including the lumber, shingle, Sash and Door branches; legislation, railway rates, labour, logs and press committee, minutes of shareholders meeting for the organization, elections of offices and Board of Directors, amendments to acts such as the Bush Fires Act, discussion of arbitration for disputes in the industry, reports on new grading rule, shareholder certificate books which provides the number of shares owned by an individual, and information about the individual’s profession, location and company as shareholder.
Series also includes pictures of prominent members of lumber associations including J.A. Humbird, Gordon Gibson, A.D. Anderson, L.L.G. Bentley, L.R. Andrews, Tom Wilkinson, J.M. Edwards, W.J. van Dusen, Tom Burgess, H.V. Simpsons and Bill McMahon.

Speeches and Writings by Doyle

Sub-series consists of speeches and other writings by Doyle concerning the history of the Pacific Coast salmon industry, British Columbia fishing industry licensing, legislation and regulation, the conservation of fish populations, salmon canning, and canning industry management. Includes also a summary of the ownership of some British Columbia canneries and processing plants, including Namu, Mill Bay, and Kimsquit, 1914-1930. Title based on contents of sub-series.

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