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Phil Lind Klondike Gold Rush collection

  • RBSC-ARC-1820
  • Collection
  • ca. 1860-2016

The collection consists of archival records, printed materials, photographs, maps, posters, artefacts and paintings all related to the Klondike Gold Rush. Records span the activities of individuals, organizations, companies, and government bodies related to the Klondike Gold Rush, the Yukon, Alaska, and the Northwest Territories from ca. 1860 to 2003. The collection documents the journeys of, and commerce created by individuals and groups of people from around the world who left their homes to join the Gold Rush; it also contains materials documenting the presence of Indigenous peoples throughout the Yukon.

The collection reflects the development of regional infrastructure and transportation in the Yukon and Alaska, including the creation of the White Pass and Yukon Route railway line. Many materials in the fonds originated from the construction and development of specific town sites and communities located in the Yukon, including Dawson City, Carcross, Forty Mile, and White Horse.

Other materials document the creative works of individuals seeking to record and share stories about the Klondike in various forms, including photographs, journals, poetry, music and theatre.

The collection is comprised of the following series: Textual Records, Photographic Materials, Cartographic Materials, Graphic Materials, and Objects. Each series is majorly comprised of the record type described in the title, and materials within each series are described at the item level.

Lind, Philip Bridgman

Alaska [album of gold rush photographs]

This album was given to Metcalf's sister-in law. Written in is a 4 line poem apparently in Metcalf's hand. "Second Edition" written at the end of the poem. Metcalf was a Detroit businessman who went to the Klondike during the Gold Rush and returned to give local citizens lantern slide shows of his adventure. Photographs unidentified except for numbers in corners, and a few photographs have Metcalf's copyright. Photographs include images of harbours, street scenes, ship building, camps, etc.


Civil Cases

Subseries consists of court documents relating to civil cases in British Columbia between 1864 and 1903. The cases comprise a variety of document types, including: judge’s orders; affidavits; writs of summons; correspondence; bills of costs; jury lists; judgments; notices; statements of account; motions; bonds; speakers’ certificates; indentures; agreements; receipts of sale; complaints; notices of intention; mortgages; requests; wills; and subpoenas. As a whole, they are indicative of the development of civil and criminal law in the region at the time, closely reflecting British standards and precedence. Differences did develop, however, as circumstances required.

It is important to note that the time period represented in these cases includes years before and after the colonies were converged on August 6th, 1866. Before the unification, the Colony of Vancouver Island and the Colony of British Columbia were separate entities in which civil suits at the local level were a vital part of the decentralized colonial government. Initially, the mainland was governed from New Westminster, but once they were merged into the new Colony of British Columbia, governance took place in Victoria on Vancouver Island.

John Keenlyside Legal Research Collection

  • RBSC-ARC-1300
  • Fonds
  • 1858-1903, 1923-1950.

The fonds consists of legal documents collected by John Keenlyside over the last thirty five years. The documents give insight into the formation of British Columbia's legal system when it consisted of two colonies. The legal records (including writs, testimony, judgements, and other court documents) were produced by judges, magistrates, defendants, claimants, and other relevant parties. Some figures of historical significance who created legal records in this fonds are the first judge in BC, the first Attorney General, and BC's earliest clergy, businessmen, and other prominent figures from the colonial period.

This fonds also consists of documents related to the British Columbia Provincial Police force and various Japanese-Canadian and civil rights groups.

Reid v. Copeland and others

File consists of 2 documents: Agreement for Settlement; Affidavit of D.A. Copeland. Regarding the estate of A.A. Copeland. The properties of the deceased were to be sold and paid into court for the support and maintenance of the three infant Defendants.

Grand Jury Resentment

File consists of 1 document: Grievances of the Grand Jury. Summary of grievances of the Grand Jury. They seem to feel that many of the cases brought before them are of a trivial nature and could be settled in a lower court. They are also concerned with the increase in crime and make suggestions as to how to curb the problem such as not issuing anymore saloon licenses, lighting the streets better, etc.

Regarding the "Stone Man"

File consists of 17 documents: Information of W. Hamley; Affidavit of W.H. Langley; Notice of Information Marked as Exhibit "A", Affidavit of A.E. McCallum; Deposition of Witness J. Engelhardt, A. Milne, W.A. Franklin, R. Hunter, A.E. McCallum, J. Fisher, J. Desourrneau, R. Ward, Mrs. Scott, Colonel L. Scott, A. Platt; Recall of R. Hunter and A.E. McCallum. W. Hamley is the collector of customs at the Port of Victoria. While in this position, he charges that one Peter Douglas, alias Peter Gilbert, imported a certain parcel described as 1 ton of limestone. It was then discovered that the parcel was actually a block of marble carved in the image of "certain portions of the human body", known as the "Stone Man". Hamley seized the stone and claims that the image is forfeited under Section 48, 108, or 153 of the "Customs Act 1883".

Culverwell, Brooks & Co. v. Moss

File consists of 4 documents: Affidavit of J. Cox; Notice of Application for Payment Out; Affidavit of G. Potts; Affidavit of A. Belyea. Regarding the estate of M. Moss, deceased, and the monies that he owed to various parties. The case involved the schooner "Venture" and the schooner "Penelope", which appear to have belonged to the Defendant. The Plaintiffs had recovered a judgement against the Defendant for $12,305.63 and $101.90 for costs which remains unpaid.

McHugh and Heard

File consists of 1 document: Agreement. McHugh granted Heard Section 15, Range 5 east in South Saanich for a term of 10 years. The document outlines the terms of agreement.

Hudson's Bay Co. v. McCabe

File consists of 3 documents: Notice of Writ; Order for Substituted Service; Affidavit of Service. Plaintiffs claim $63.14 for goods sold and delivered to the Defendant. The Defendant was from Vernon originally but had since moved to San Francisco.

Heatham v. Armstrong

File consists of 1 document: Affidavit of T.B. Shoebothan. In regards to seizures made by the Sheriff of property belonging to the Plaintiff, situate on the premises known as the West Bay Saw Mill on Gambiers Island.

Laumeister v. Bowker

File consists of 2 documents: Affidavit of Bowker; Exhibit "B" - Account. Regarding the making of a track and the various amounts owed on the work. Exhibit "B" is the Defendant's account of amounts received by him out of the lands in question.

Regarding A.W. Presley, Assigned

File consists of 5 documents: Affidavit of J.D. Carscaden; Assignment Petition; Exhibits "A' and "B", statements of A.M. Nelson and A.W. Presley; Affidavit of Witness Russell; Affidavit of J.A. Russell. A.M. Nelson was entitled to act as trustee for Presley for the benefit of his creditors from which he was then removed and Carscaden was then appointed.

Cameron et al v. Harper

File consists of 2 documents: Affidavit of J.C. Prevost; Bond on Appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada. The Defendant had previously brought about an action against the Plaintiffs for $500 in regards to the settlement of the estate of one Thaddeus Harper.

Clay v. Marston and Marston

File consists of 1 document: Exhibit "A" - Night Message Direct Wire (Telegram). Defendants were travelling as passengers on the steamer "Umatilla". The wire explains that a writ has been issued by the Plaintiff against the Defendants and they are to be attended to at the arrival of the steamer and serviced with this telegram.

Seeley v. Morse

File consists of 5 documents: Affidavit of B.H. Drake; Affidavit of J.H. Seeley; Affidavit of N.P. Snowden; Affidavit of A.F. Williams; Affidavit of H. Siddall. Plaintiff was owed $61.50 as receiver of rents on cabins on Humboldt Street in Victoria and in regards to the settlement of the estate of W.C. S. Seeley, the Plaintiff's father.

Regarding G. Johnson

File consists of 1 document: Record of Writ Filed. Johnson has employed T. Davie to take proceedings against Captain Luow, Master of the American barge "Helena", in the sum of $30 for wages owed to him while employed as an "able seaman".

Turner et al v. Withrow

File consists of 4 documents: Writ of Summons; Affidavit of Service; Judgement by Default; Bill of Costs. Plaintiffs claim $113.11 principal and interest due to them as payees on a promissory note with the Defendant.

Selleck v. Reed Bros.

File consists of 2 documents: Declaration; Record. Plaintiff claims $1,250 for principal and interest due on money lent to the Defendants at their request and on accounts stated between them.

Rudolph v. Loewen and Erb

File consists of 4 documents: Bill of Complaint; Answers of J. Loewen; Answers; Answers of L. Erb. The Plaintiff purchased the interest of J. Jungermann, jeweler, and with such purchase he assumed a debt of $1,900 due to the Defendants. The Plaintiff also took out a life insurance policy for $3,000 and offered this to the Defendants as security on his debt with them. Debts were renegotiated, the Plaintiff fell ill, and the Defendants then refused to return or reassign the life insurance policy back to the Plaintiff.

Newfelder v. Dulig

File consists of 2 documents: Writ of Summons; Affidavit of Service. Plaintiff claims $372.21 principal and interest due to him as the holder of a promissory note with the Defendant.

Tilbury v. Ward

File consists of 5 documents: (2) Affidavit of Tilbury; Judges Order; Affidavit of W.A. Edwards; Writ of Summons. Plaintiff claims that the Defendant is indebted to him for $115.73 for work and labour done by him for the Defendant at his request. The Plaintiff is a veterinary surgeon.

Kelly v. Moss

File consists of 2 documents: Writ of Summons; Affidavit of Service. Plaintiff claims $156.43 for debt and $40 for costs for goods supplied to the Defendants.

Woodcock v. Sehl et al

File consists of 7 documents: Interrogatories; (2) Affidavit of W. Pollard; Bill of Complaint; Affidavit of J. Hett; Answer of Defendant Sehl; Affidavit of J. Sehl. The Plaintiff is a trader and fish carver on the northwest coast of B.C. The Plaintiff and the Defendants had entered into an agreement for the purpose of prospecting and carrying on a general mining business in co-partnership. The partnership dissolved and the Plaintiff claims that the Defendant is indebted to the partnership for $500.

Kelly v. Jackson

File consists of 4 documents: Writ of Summons; Affidavit of Service; Plaintiff's Costs; Judgement by Default. Plaintiff claims $139.70 for debt and $17.50 for costs for goods supplied to the Defendants.

McWha et al v. Cameron

File consists of 5 documents: Affidavit to Hold to Bail; Summons; Judgement Roll; Judges Order for Capia; Affidavit of McWha. Plaintiff claims that the Defendant is indebted to him for $350 for which he received judgment for that amount. The Plaintiff charges that the Defendant is concealing his property in order to avoid payment of the debt. The original judgement was obtained for several unpaid promissory notes with the Defendant.

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